Article ID: 18-0183
The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between laser fluorescence (LF) values of apparently sound tooth enamel and caries history. LF measurements were recorded from six sound enamel tooth surfaces in each of 346 subjects aged 8-25 years. Caries experience was evaluated using the decayed, missing, and filled tooth (DMFT) index and the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS). To measure differences between the unrestored and restored tooth groups, an unpaired two-sample t-test was used. To assess the relationship between LF of sound enamel and caries experience based on the DMFT and ICDAS, Pearson’s correlation coefficient and linear regression analyses were used. The LF values of sound dental enamel in subjects with no history of invasive dental treatment were highly correlated with caries experience, as measured by the DMFT index (R = 0.76) and ICDAS (R = 0.7). The LF values of sound enamel in subjects with a history of previous invasive dental treatment were weakly correlated with caries experience, as measured by the DMFT index (R = 0.33), and moderately correlated with the ICDAS values (R = 0.66). The LF value of clinically healthy tooth enamel correlates with caries status based on the DMFT or ICDAS.