1997 年 39 巻 4 号 p. 176-181
Rabbit polyclonal antibody against mouse EHS laminin was used to investigate the distribution and composition of laminin in the rat first molar tooth germ. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that laminin is expressed in the inner and outer epithelia of the enamel organ and in small blood vessels in the dental papilla and strellate reticulum. Immunoblots revealed that tooth germ laminin differs from EHS laminin. Tooth germ laminin contains β chains, while the al chain is substituted by a 300-kDa chain. Two-dimensional electrophoresis analysis of tooth germ extract showed that β chains appeared as four spots with approximate pI values of 6.6, 7.5, 7.8 and 8.5. These results indicate that more than one type of laminin isoform is present in the first molar tooth germ. Additionally, we have shown that despite the early degradation of tooth germ basement membrane, the laminin molecule is still intact at the time of birth.