Japanese Occupational Therapy Research
Online ISSN : 2434-4419
Print ISSN : 0289-4920
RESEARCH ARTICLES
Relationship between occupational performance with sensory processing and self-efficacy in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder
Shiori FujiShigeki KurasawaSeiya ShishidoSatoshi Takada
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2019 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 64-71

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Abstract

It has been reported that children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) frequently suffer from abnormalities in sensory processing, clumsiness and problems of task performance skills. However, there have been few reports about those problems in high school-aged adolescents with ASD. We compared such adolescents' task performance skills with those of typically developed adolescents (TD), and studied the relationship between their skills and the level of abnormalities in sensory processing and clumsiness. Our study revealed that adolescents with ASD had more problems in task performance, and that the score of “sensory seeking” was significantly lower than that of TD adolescents. On the other hand, there was no correlation between task performance skills and self-efficacy, or between task performance skills and the level of abnormalities in sensory processing. However, there was a significant correlation between self-efficacy and “sensory sensitivity”. Our results suggest that the continuous assessment and support for task performance and for sensory processing might be necessary for the high school-aged adolescents.

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© 2019 Japanese Association of Occupational Therapists
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