The global warming and the depletion of natural resource deposits have become a serious issue worldwide. In order to alleviate these issues, a process development for coal-based direct reduction technology has been carried out. Offering a solution to recover steel mill waste including EAF dust, the FASTMET® Process produces valuable DRI and crude zinc oxide from the steel mill waste which contains valuable metals such as zinc. Moreover the ITmk3® Process can produce iron nugget which is equivalent as pig iron by using low grade iron ore fine as well as steaming coal. This suggests that coal-based direct reduction technology could be a solution to alleviate both issues mentioned above.