2022 Volume 19 Pages 29-37
It has been reported that physical education for liberal arts enhances the fundamental competencies of working persons (FCWP) by effective implementation of cooperative and collaborative learning. Previous studies have reported that the effectiveness of cooperative and collaborative learning is largely dependent on the personality of learners. However, the relation between personality and FCWP has yet to be clarified. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to amass data on the relation between the Big Five personality traits test and the FCWP scores. Participants included 359 students in the physical education class for liberal arts. First, the correlation between scores of the Big Five personality traits and those of the 12 skill factors of FCWP was confirmed. Significant correlation was found between the personality factor scores for “extraversion” “conscientiousness” “intellectual curiosity” and all the skill factors of FCWP as well as “agreeableness” and 10 skill factors of FCWP (excluding problem-finding ability and planning ability). Subsequently, in order to examine the influence of the Big Five personality traits on the FCWP scores, a multiple regression analysis was conducted, with the scores of three competencies (action, thinking, and teamwork) as the dependent variable and the personality scores as the independent variable. The results revealed that the scores of Big Five personality traits moderately predicted each competency (R2 = .27 to .37). In addition, there were significant positive effects of extraversion, intellectual curiosity, and in particular, conscientiousness on “action”. Furthermore, there were significant positive effects of conscientiousness, extraversion, and in particular, intellectual curiosity on “thinking”. There were also significant positive effects of conscientiousness, agreeableness, extraversion, and intellectual curiosity on “teamwork”. Finally, there were significant negative effects of neuroticism on “action” and “thinking.” These results suggest that there is a relationship between the Big Five personality traits and FCWP. In the future, it is necessary to verify a relationship between the personality traits and educational effect of physical education for liberal arts.