Journal of Pesticide Science
Online ISSN : 1349-0923
Print ISSN : 1348-589X
ISSN-L : 0385-1559
Short Communication
Structure- and stereospecific transport of strigolactones from roots to shoots
Xiaonan XieKaori YoneyamaTakaya KisugiTakahito NomuraKohki AkiyamaTadao AsamiKoichi Yoneyama
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2016 Volume 41 Issue 2 Pages 55-58

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Abstract

Strigolactones (SLs) are carotenoid-derived signaling molecules that mediate symbiotic and parasitic communications in the rhizosphere and plant hormones that regulate the growth and development of plants through crosstalk with other hormones. Natural SLs are classified into two groups based on the stereochemistry of the B–C ring junction. Rice and sorghum plants, both gramineous crops, produce orobanchol-type and strigol-type SLs, respectively, while tobacco plants produce both types. In the present study, we demonstrate that such species-specific phenomena in SL production also occur in the transport of exogenous SLs from roots to shoots. In rice plants, strigol-type SLs such as 5-deoxystrigol have been reported to actively inhibit tiller bud outgrowth, whereas root-applied strigol-type SLs could not be detected in shoots harvested 20 hr after treatment, indicating that metabolites of SLs or other signaling compounds downstream of SLs—but not SLs themselves—are the true inhibitors of tiller bud outgrowth.

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© 2016 Pesticide Science Society of Japan
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