Journal of Pesticide Science
Online ISSN : 1349-0923
Print ISSN : 1348-589X
ISSN-L : 0385-1559
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Field survey of reproductive modes and sodium channel mutations associated with pyrethroid resistance in Thrips tabaci
Yui TomizawaMisato AizawaAkiya JourakuShoji Sonoda
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2024 Volume 49 Issue 2 Pages 122-129

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Abstract

Using PCR-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) with mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I sequences, we examined the reproductive modes of female adults of Thrips tabaci collected at 54 sites across Japan. Results showed the presence of heteroplasmic insects harboring mitochondria associated with arrhenotoky and thelytoky. Using the insects, we also applied PCR-RFLP to examine the genotypes for the amino acid mutation (T929I) site involved in pyrethroid resistance. Findings showed the presence of thelytokous heterozygotes under the circumstance that most arrhenotokous insects are resistant homozygotes, and many thelytokous insects are susceptible homozygotes. These results suggest that, in the field, genetic exchange occurs between insects through of both reproductive modes. A survey of the genotypes for the other amino acid mutations using nucleotide sequencing showed a decline of insects with an M918T and L1014F pair and an increase of insects with M918L. These results suggest the evolutional progression of amino acid mutations associated with pyrethroid resistance in T. tabaci.

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© Pesticide Science Society of Japan 2024. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons [Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International] license.
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