The Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine
Online ISSN : 2186-8123
Print ISSN : 2186-8131
ISSN-L : 2186-8131
Short Review Article
Disabled sports and physiological specificity in persons with spinal cord injury
Takeshi NakamuraKazunari FurusawaKen KoudaYukihide NishimuraYusuke SasakiYasunori UmemotoMotohiko BannoTakahiro OgawaTakashi KawasakiTomoyuki ItoToshihito MitsuiFumihiro Tajima
ジャーナル フリー

2014 年 3 巻 3 号 p. 335-339


Today, a large proportion of persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) can return to society thanks to advances in biomedical care. Various sports activities are recommended, especially for wheelchair-bound disabled persons with SCI, in order to maintain proper physical fitness. It is important to know sports activities-induced physiological specificity in persons with SCI before recommending sports activities. Natural killer cell activity (NKCA) is commonly used to study immune response during exercise. Interleukin (IL)-6 is produced by contracting skeletal muscles and then released into the circulation; and is considered to mediate the health benefits of exercise against chronic diseases. We investigated the responses of NKCA and IL-6 in SCI persons during arm exercise and a wheelchair marathon race. Similar NKCA and IL-6 responses were found in thoracolumbar SCI persons and able-bodied (AB) persons. On the other hand, changes in NKCA and IL-6 in cervical SCI persons elicited different characteristic patterns compared to thoracolumbar SCI and AB persons.

© 2014 The Japanese Society of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine
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