Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Online ISSN : 1347-8648
Print ISSN : 1347-8613
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Neuropsychotoxicity of Abused Drugs:
Involvement of Matrix Metalloproteinase-2 and -9 and Tissue Inhibitor of Matrix Metalloproteinase-2 in Methamphetamine-Induced Behavioral Sensitization and Reward in Rodents
Hiroyuki MizoguchiKiyofumi YamadaToshitaka Nabeshima
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2008 Volume 106 Issue 1 Pages 9-14

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Abstract

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors (TIMPs) function to remodel the pericellular environment. We have investigated the role of the MMP/TIMP system in methamphetamine (METH) dependence in rodents, in which the remodeling of neural circuits may be crucial. Repeated METH treatment induced behavioral sensitization, which was accompanied by an increase in MMP-2/-9/TIMP-2 activity in the brain. An antisense TIMP-2 oligonucleotide enhanced the sensitization, which was associated with a potentiation of the METH-induced release of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens (NAc). MMP-2/-9 inhibitors blocked the METH-induced behavioral sensitization and conditioned place preference (CPP), a measure of the rewarding effect of a drug, and reduced the METH-increased dopamine release in the NAc. In MMP-2– and MMP-9–deficient mice, METH-induced behavioral sensitization and CPP as well as dopamine release were attenuated. The MMP/TIMP system may be involved in METH-induced sensitization and reward by regulating extracellular dopamine levels.

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© The Japanese Pharmacological Society 2008
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