2013 Volume 122 Issue 2 Pages 109-117
Accumulating lines of evidence showed that luteolin, a polyphenolic compound, has potent neuroprotective effects. The purpose of this study was to examine whether luteolin can protect against sodium nitroprusside (SNP)-induced oxidative damage in mouse brain. Intrastriatal co-injection of luteolin (3 – 30 nmol) with SNP (10 nmol) dose-dependently protected against brain damage and motor dysfunction. Oral administrations of luteolin (600 – 1200 mg/kg) dose-dependently protected against brain damage and motor dysfunction induced by striatal injection of SNP. Furthermore, luteolin (30 – 100 μM) concentration dependently protected against Fe2+-induced lipid peroxidation in mouse brain homogenate. Luteolin (1 – 100 μg/ml) showed potent DPPH radical scavenging ability, when compared with ascorbic acid and glutathione. Finally, a ferrozine assay showed that luteolin (30 – 100 μg/ml) has Fe2+-chelating ability, but this was weaker than that of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. These results suggest that intrastriatal or oral administration of luteolin protected mice brain from SNP-induced oxidative damage by scavenging and chelating effects.