Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Online ISSN : 1347-8648
Print ISSN : 1347-8613
ISSN-L : 1347-8613
Involvement of Supraspinal Imidazoline Receptors and Descending Monoaminergic Pathways in Tizanidine-Induced Inhibition of Rat Spinal Reflexes
Yurika KinoMitsuo TanabeMotoko HondaHideki Ono
Author information
JOURNALS FREE ACCESS Advance online publication

Article ID:


The neuronal pathways involved in the muscle relaxant effect of tizanidine were examined by measurement of spinal reflexes in rats. Tizanidine (i.v. and intra-4th ventricular injection) decreased the mono- and disynaptic (the fastest polysynaptic) reflexes (MSR and DSR, respectively) in non-spinalized rats. Depletion of central noradrenaline by 6-hydroxydopamine abolished the depressant effect of tizanidine on the MSR almost completely and attenuated the effect on the DSR. Co-depletion of serotonin by 5,6-dihydroxytryptamine and noradrenaline resulted in more prominent attenuation of tizanidine-induced inhibition of the DSR. Supraspinal receptors were then studied using yohimbine and some imidazoline receptor ligands containing an imidazoline moiety. Idazoxan (I1, I2, I3, and α2), efaroxan (I1, I3, and α2), and RX821002 (I3 and α2), but not yohimbine, an α2-adrenergic receptor antagonist with no affinity for I receptors, antagonized the inhibitory effects of tizanidine. Thus, supraspinal I receptors (most likely I3) and descending monoaminergic influences are necessary for tizanidine-induced inhibition of spinal segmental reflexes.

Information related to the author
© The Japanese Pharmacological Society 2005