1984 年 36 巻 4 号 p. 519-526
Effects of prizidilol and nipradilol (K-351), β-adrenoceptor antagonists with vasodilator action, on blood pressure and heart rate were studied in normotensive conscious rabbits after i.v. administration. In addition, we investigated relationships between plasma drug concentrations and β-adrenoceptor blocking activity as estimated by the inhibition of isoproterenol-induced tachycardia and vasodilator activity as assessed by the inhibition of pressor response to angiotensin II (ANG II). Prizidilol (4 mg/kg) produced a significant and sustained fall in blood pressure and a slight increase in heart rate, while hydralazine (2 mg/kg) caused the same degree of hypotension and a marked tachycardia. Nipradilol (1 mg/kg) caused a significant reduction of resting heart rate, but had no significant effect on blood pressure. Propranolol (1 mg/kg) did not affect resting blood pressure and heart rate. Hypertensive response to ANG II was significantly attenuated only by hydralazine. Isoproterenol -induced tachycardia was significantly suppressed by prizidilol, nipradilol and propranolol. Good correlations were observed between β-adrenoceptor blocking activity and plasma drug concentrations. These data suggest that prizidilol has an advantage over hydralazine to induce less tachycardia, but still may cause a certain degree of increase in heart rate. Nipradilol has a more potent β-adrenoceptor blocking action than propranolol, while its vasodilator action is not obvious, at least in rabbits. Plasma concentrations of prizidilol and nipradilol are good indicators for β-adrenoceptor blocking activity, but not for vasodilator activity.