1993 Volume 63 Issue 1 Pages 47-52
ABSTRACT-A Cypridina luciferin analog (CLA), considered to be a sensitive and specific agent for the assay of superoxide, was assessed in isolated hearts for its effects on ischemia/reperfusion injury. Hearts of anesthetized male Wistar rats were isolated and perfused with a modified Krebs-Henseleit bicarbonate buffer to serve as non-recirculating working heart preparations. After 15 min of perfusion to achieve stability, they underwent 20 min of global ischemia and were then reperfused for 30 min with or without 250 μM of CLA, dissolved in the perfusate. The incidence of ventricular fibrillation was only 13% in the CLA group, whereas it was 88% in the controls. The CLA treatment was further associated with significantly increased left ventricular developed pressure and cardiac output; and in contrast, the left ventricular end-diastolic pressure was significantly reduced, as compared with the control group. Thiobarbiturate reacting substance content in the hearts of the CLA group was significantly decreased (27.5±2.4 versus 36.9±9.7 μmol/g dry weight). This study thus indicates that CLA may be useful for alleviating ischemia/reperfusion injury (reperfusion-induced arrhythmia and damage to heart function) involving free radicals.