1996 Volume 71 Issue 1 Pages 73-79
Our previous study has demonstrated that unilateral microinjection of norepinephrine (NE) into the right supraoptic nucleus (SON) of anesthetized hydrated rats elicited dose-dependent decreases in the urine outflow rate. This was antagonized by pretreatment with phenoxybenzamine (an α-antagonist) and timolol (a β-antagonist) in the same SON. In the present study, we examined the effects of NE, microinjected into the right, left and bilateral SON, on the urine outflow rate in order to investigate neural connections between the bilateral SON. NE administered by those three routes dose-dependently decreased the urine outflow rate. The order for the antidiuretic potency was as follows: the effect elicited by the intrabilateral-SON microinjection > the intra-left-SON microinjection = the intra-right-SON microinjection. The antidiuresis of NE microinjected into the right SON was inhibited by an electrolytic left-SON lesion and by pretreatment with phenoxybenzamine (20 nmol) and timolol (100 nmol), but not by atropine (300 nmol) in the left SON. These findings suggest adrenergic neural connections from the right to left SON, contributing to the regulation of urine production. Furthermore, there is a possibility that stimulation of endogenously-released NE in the bilateral SON is amplified through these neurons and elicits more potent effects than those produced in either the right or left nucleus.