2005 Volume 48 Issue 6 Pages 373-379
Carbon black, used as a reinforcing filler for rubber materials, was evaluated for asphalt binders in pavements. Carbon black added to straight asphalt within 20 wt% caused an increase in the elastic modulus and a decrease in the viscosity of the asphalt, especially at temperatures higher than room temperature. Addition of carbon black raised the maximum service temperature of asphalt in the category of the binder performance grade according to the SHRP (Strategic Highway Research Program) specifications. On the other hand, addition of carbon black also increased the failure strain at low temperatures. Furthermore, addition of carbon black reduced the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of asphalt to closer to that of aggregates. In asphalt mixtures, tensile stress occurs at the boundary between asphalt and aggregate with decreasing temperature due to the CTE difference. Addition of carbon black reduced this stress. Carbon black addition to asphalt has the potential to improve both deformation resistance in the high temperature region and crack resistance in the low temperature region, which were empirically considered to be contradictory. Therefore, carbon black is an effective filler for improving the durability of asphalt pavements.