Journal of the Japan Petroleum Institute
Online ISSN : 1349-273X
Print ISSN : 1346-8804
ISSN-L : 1346-8804
Review Paper
X-ray Absorption Spectroscopic Characterization of Solid Acid-base Catalysts
Takashi Yamamoto
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2014 Volume 57 Issue 6 Pages 261-270


Recent X-ray absorption spectroscopic studies of solid acid-base catalysts were reviewed, which have been carried out to investigate the effects of lanthanum-ion addition to alumina for improving the thermal stability, acidity generation mechanism of siliceous mesoporous silica, or state of tungsten oxide species in WOx–ZrO2 strong solid acid. Remarks on EXAFS analytical procedures were also discussed about possibility of coexistence of multiple phases, mismatch between radial distribution functions and Fourier transforms of EXAFS, and effects of multiple excitations in an X-ray absorption spectrum.

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© 2014 by The Japan Petroleum Institute
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