2009 Volume 100 Issue 6 Pages 640-645
A 78-year-old female complained high fever and vomiting. The ultrasonographic examination revealed a giant tumor above the left kidney. She was referred to our hospital for further examinations and treatments. Radiographic examination showed a solid mass of 10 cm in diameter, smooth surface, and sharply-delimited, above the left kidney corresponding to the left adrenal gland. Other organs showed no evidence of disease. Hormonal examination was normal. She was diagnosed as left non-functioning adrenal tumor, and underwent surgery. The resected specimen was 11×10×7 cm, 460 g with a part of normal adrenal tissue on the surface. Histopathological examination revealed it as leiomyosarcoma. She has no evidence of disease twenty months after the operation. Primary adrenal leiomyosarcoma is extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, there were only 22 reported cases including ours in the English and Japanese literature.