1993 Volume 84 Issue 5 Pages 822-830
Investigation into the clinical application of LAK cells for treating renal cell carcinoma was carried out. LAK cells were induced from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of healthy adults or renal cell carcinoma patients by incubation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells in complete medium (RPMI1640 containing 10% heat-inactivated human AB serum) or serum-free medium (AIM-V) supplemented with IL-2. Then the characteristics of the LAK cells thus produced were studied. When cultured in complete medium, peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from healthy adults, recovered to 60% of the initial level on day 4 of incubation. Both NK and LAK activity were markedly enhanced before day 4. On day 4, a similar number of peripheral blood mononuclear blood cells and a similar cytotoxicity were observed in serum-free culture. The cells with a high growth rate during the 4 days of incubation were CD25, HLA-DR, CD3, CD16 cells in both cultures. The supernatant of LAK generation cultures had detectable levels of interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin (IL)-1β, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α on day 4. IFN-γ and IL-1β both showed significant concentrations in the LAK culture supernatant, which increased progressively with further culture. TNF-α was not produced by LAK cells alone. IFN-γ and IL-β production by the LAK cells was enhanced by stimulation with the Caki-1, ACHN and K-562 tumor cell lines, while TNF-α production was stimulated by Caki-1 and K-562 cells. LAK cells produced an additional effect that was due to cytokine production by the LAK cells in addition to the direct cytotoxicity of them. The recovery rate on day 4 of peripheral blood mononuclear blood cells in the serum-free culture from renal carcinoma patients was equivalent to that from healthy adults. The cultured LAK cells showed a broad-spectrum antitumor effect covering both autologous tumor cells and cultured renal carcinoma cell lines. These results supported that LAK cells inducted by serum-free medium with IL-2 have clinical utility.