1994 Volume 85 Issue 6 Pages 981-989
We modified Studer's bladder substitute technique and constructed continent urinary reservoir for 7 patients with bladder tumors after transprostatic cystoprostatectomy. Studer's bladder substitute technique is characterized by both a tubular isoperistatic proximal limb of 20cm of the ileum in continuity with the pouch constructed using the detubularized ileum and the ureters reimplanted into the proximal part of the limb using a simple lateral anastomosis of the ureters to the end of the limb. Our modifications, transprostatic resection, was that distal one third or fourth of the prostate was left after cystoprostatectomy followed by either enculeation of the whole residual prostatic tissue including the urethra (type II) or sharp resection of the tissue leaving the urethra (type III). A small hole in the lowest part of the pouch was anastomosed either to the residual prostatic capsule (type II) or to the residual prostatic urethra (type III). Our modified Studer's technique was simple, easy to perform, and had low risk of massive bleeding especially from the central vein overlying the appex of the prostate.
Clinical results were as follows; 1) all patients were satisfied with the passing of their urine per urethra without any cutaneous stoma, 2) no patients had clinical signs of pyelonephritis after discharge, 3) urine was not infected. 4) four out of 5 patients younger than 65 years old maintained potency, 5) voiding varies with maximum flow rates of 4.2m/lsec to 33.6ml/sec, and an average flow rate in 3 patients (type III) was 24.5±6.9ml/sec as compared to 13.0±1.3ml/sec in 3 patients (type II), 6) simultaneous pressure recording in the pouch and the rectum showed that pressure within the pouch was almost the same as pressure in the rectum during urination and did not exceed 45cmH2O when the pouch was filled to capacity, and 7) all of the 7 patients achieved perfect day-time continence while 3 patients complained of night-time spotting or leaking which improved with the patients waking up at night to void.