1996 Volume 87 Issue 6 Pages 900-908
(Background) We performed macro and micro-autoradiographic studies using 14C-oxalate in normal and hyperoxaluric rats in order to elucidate intrarenal distribution of oxalate and to determine where calcium oxalate crystal can be adhere in the kidney.
(Methods) Macro and micro-autoradiographic studies of the kidney in normal rats were carried out at intervals of 15, 30 and 90min after intravenous administration of 14C-oxalate (37MBq/kg BW). Hyperoxaluria was induced by vitamin B6 deficient diet. The procedure of macro and micro autoradiography is the same as that in normal rat.
(Results) In normal rats, macroautoradiogram showed that the radioactivity of 14C-oxalate exists in the whole kidney, and macroautoradiogram identified this radioactivity mainly in the extraluminal space of renal tubules at 15min. Macro and micro-autoradiograms taken 90min after the injection showed practically no radioactivity of 14C-oxalate in the cortex or the medulla, but it was located in the extraluminal space of the papilla. In hyperoxaluric rats, macroautoradiogram showed some spotty accumulations of 14C-oxalate in the inner medulla and papilla. Microautoradiogram revealed that these accumulations are mainly seen in the extraluminal space.
(Conclusion) These results indicate that in normal rats the injected 14C-oxalate remains in the renal papilla, especially in the extraluminal space, when nearly all oxalate was excreted by urine, and in hyperoxaluric rats 14C-oxalate exists there as calcium oxalate crystal or microlith.