The Japanese Journal of Urology
Online ISSN : 1884-7110
Print ISSN : 0021-5287
ISSN-L : 0021-5287
LONG TERM EFFICACY OF THE GITTES BLADDER NECK SUSPENSION WITH USE OF ULTRASONOGRAPHY FOR GENUINE STRESS URINARY INCONTINENCE
Gaku AraiTakumi YamadaSatoru KawakamiHideki NagamatsuKatsushi NagahamaHitoshi MasudaTetsurou TsukamotoShuhei SumiSusumu HoriuchiTakeharu Negishi
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1999 Volume 90 Issue 1 Pages 20-26

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Abstract

Thirty-eight patients with genuine stress incontinence underwent the Gittes procedures of the bladder neck suspension under ultrasonical monitoring. We performed the following two procedures. Original Gittes procedure: the puncture of the needle made twice through the different holes of the rectus fascia for each side and the bilateral helical suture was tied down separately above the rectus fascia. Modified Gittes procedure: the needle was passed through the rectus fascia once for each side and the both end of the helical suture was drawn up to suprapubic area, then the bilateral threads were tied over the rectus fascia.
Original Gittes procedure was performed for twenty-nine patients and modified Gittes procedure for nine patients. Tightness of the suspension was decided by monitoring the posterior urethrovesical angle with use of the transrectal ultrasonography during the operation.
A long term follow up survey was made up by means of a questionnaire by the phone or the mail. A total of thirty-six patients responded the questionnaire for a 94.7% respose rate. The mean follow up was 33.1 months. 83.3% of the patients were cured and 5.6% were significantly improved. None of the patients claimed dysuria. There was no difference between the continent rates of the two procedures.
We conclude that the Gittes bladder neck suspension with use of ultrasonography is effective for correction of female stress urinary incontinence.

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