Journal of Prosthodontic Research
Online ISSN : 1883-9207
Print ISSN : 1883-1958
ISSN-L : 1883-1958
Original articles
Radiographic predictive factors for 10-year survival of removable partial denture abutment teeth: Alveolar bone level and density
Chie WatanabeJunichiro Wada Koji MizutaniTomiharu NagayamaHirofumi UchidaYo ShibataNoriyuki Wakabayashi
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2022 Volume 67 Issue 3 Pages 437-443


Purpose: To determine postoperative periodontal and radiographic factors that predict the survival rates of abutments of removable partial dentures (RPDs).

Methods: Patients who wore RPDs for > 10 years and received supportive periodontal therapy were included. Periodontal examinations and radiographic assessments were conducted on 83 abutment teeth in 35 patients at baseline, and five years after RPD insertion. In addition to conventional factors, such as tooth mobility at 5 years, radiographic factors, such as the crown–root ratio (ΔCR ratio) and gray-level changes reflecting changes in alveolar bone density (ΔABD), were evaluated. The impact of the covariables on the 10-year survival of abutment teeth was estimated using a multivariate Cox regression model, considering multicollinearity.

Results: Patients were classified as having A2–B2 (45.7%) and B3–C2 (54.3%) tooth loss, according to the Eichner classification. A probing depth ≥ 4 mm, tooth mobility ≥ grade 1, and CR ratio ≥ 1 were found in 30.1%, 33.7%, and 51.8% of abutment teeth, respectively. The 10-year survival rate of abutment teeth was 86.7%. Multivariate analysis showed that the 10-year survival of abutment teeth was significantly associated with root canal treatment (P = 0.045, hazard ratio [HR] = 1.23), the 5-year ΔCR ratio (P = 0.022, HR = 3.20), and ΔABD on the edentulous side of the abutment teeth (P = 0.047, HR = 1.08).

Conclusions: In addition to root canal treatment, changes in the CR ratio and radiographic alveolar bone density at five years predicted the long-term survival rate of RPD abutments.

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© 2023 Japan Prosthodontic Society

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