Journal of Prosthodontic Research
Online ISSN : 1883-9207
Print ISSN : 1883-1958
ISSN-L : 1883-1958
Accuracy of newly developed color determination application for masticatory performance: Evaluating color-changeable chewing gum
Yohei HamaYoshiyuki Sasaki Hitomi SoedaKohei YamaguchiMitsuzumi OkadaYuriko KomagamineNorimasa SakanoshitaYusuke HirotaKoji EmuraShunsuke Minakuchi
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JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS Advance online publication

Article ID: JPR_D_23_00140

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Abstract

Purpose: Color-changeable chewing gums are used to evaluate masticatory performance, as measured by a colorimeter or visually based on a color scale. Although anyone can use a color scale, the evaluation accuracy depends on the evaluator. We develop an application that can determine the degree of color change in chewing gum using smartphone images, making color evaluation accurate and easy to measure.

Methods: For the application, 60 chewed gum samples were prepared. Two shots were captured using two smartphone models. To create the application algorithm, a formula was developed to approximately map the color value from the smartphone images to the true value using a colorimeter. A basic validation was performed on 60 new samples covering a range of colors, followed by a field validation on 100 healthy dentate participants aged 20–39 years.

Results: The intraclass correlation coefficient for two repeated shots had a high value ≥ 0.97 in the basic and field validations, confirming reliability. No significant differences were observed in the paired t-test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test, and a significant and strong correlation (correlation coefficient ≥ 0.92) was observed between the evaluation values using the colorimeter and the basic and field validations. Bland–Altman plots further confirmed the validity of the application.

Conclusions: A software application was developed to enable easy, quick, and accurate determination of the masticatory performance of a chewing gum from images taken using a smartphone with highly reliable and validated results.

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© 2024 Japan Prosthodontic Society

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BYNC 4.0), which allows users to distribute and copy the material in any format as long as credit is given to the Japan Prosthodontic Society. It should be noted however, that the material cannot be used for commercial purposes.
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
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