The Journal of Protozoology Research
Online ISSN : 2434-7027
Print ISSN : 0917-4427
Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Farm Animals in West Kordofan, and Blue Nile states, Sudan
Abdelbaset Eweda AbdelbasetEhab MossaadAhmed Ali IsmailAbdalla Mohamed IbrahimXuenan XuanKeisuke SuganumaTamador E.E. AngaraMakoto Igarashi
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JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

2020 Volume 30 Issue 1-2 Pages 31-37

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Abstract

Considering the veterinary and public health significance of T. gondii infection and absence of epidemiological data in West Kordofan, and Blue Nile states in Sudan, a total of 392 serum samples from camel, cattle, sheep and goats in West Kordofan, and Blue Nile states were examined for T. gondii antibodies using Latex agglutination test. The overall seroprevalence was 22.4% (88/392). The seropositivity rate was 13.3% (6/45), 44% (33/75), 61% (22/36), 15.4% (21/136), 6% (6/100) in camels, cattle, sheep and goats and donkeys, respectively. Animal species was the only risk factor of T. gondii seropositivity. The significant higher seroprevalence of T. gondii in sheep and cattle indicates their potential role in the transmission of human toxoplasmosis in Sudan and the widespread contamination of the rural environment in Sudan with Toxoplasma oocysts. Further epidemiological studies, as well as special awareness and educational programs for toxoplasmosis are strongly suggested.

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© 2020 National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, National University Corporation Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine
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