2013 Volume 25 Issue 12 Pages 1579-1582
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the visual restriction and unstable base dual-task training (VUDT), the visual restriction dual-task training (VDT), and the unstable base dual-task training (UDT) on the balance and attention of chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 38 chronic stroke patients, who were divided into two groups of 13 patients each and one group of 12 patients. They were given dual-task training for 30 minutes per session, three times a week, for eight weeks. Their balance was measured using the center of pressure (COP) migration distances, functional reach test (FRT), and Berg balance scale (BBS), and attention was measured with the Trail Making Tests and the Stroop test. [Results] In comparisons within each group, all the three groups showed significant differences before and after the training (p<0.05), and in the comparisons among the three groups, the VUDT group showed more significant differences compared with the other two groups in all tests (p<0.05). [Conclusion] Dual-task training applied with visual restriction and an unstable base in which the subjects attempted to maintain their balance was effective in improving the balance and attention of stroke patients, and the VUDT was more effective than VDT or UDT.