2013 年 25 巻 4 号 p. 375-378
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine factors related to the development and frequency of post-polio syndrome (PPS) based on the results of a survey of polio survivors. [Subjects and Methods] Characteristics of 265 polio survivors were evaluated on the basis of the results of a self-administered survey comprising 48 items. The frequency of PPS and factors that influence its development were evaluated. [Results] PPS was found to affect 25.7% of the polio survivors who responded to our survey. In addition to musculoskeletal symptoms, polio survivors were found to exhibit general physical and psychiatric symptoms such as sensitivity to cold, respiratory symptoms, dysphagia, sleep disorders, and depression tendencies. In addition, the polio survivors with PPS were restricted in daily living activities such as work and social participation. [Conclusion] Weight gain after adulthood and overuse of muscles were identified as risk factors for the development of PPS. Support systems such as health consultations and direct health screenings are needed to deal with the physical and social consequences of PPS.