Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Online ISSN : 2187-5626
Print ISSN : 0915-5287
Original Articles
The Effects of Sensorimotor Training on Anticipatory Postural Adjustment of the Trunk in Chronic Low Back Pain Patients
Jin Ah HwangSea Hyun BaeGi Do KimKyung Yoon Kim
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2013 Volume 25 Issue 9 Pages 1189-1192

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Abstract

[Purpose] This study aimed to examine the effects of sensorimotor training on the anticipatory postural adjustment (APA) of chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients. [Subjects and Methods] Fourteen CLBP patients were randomly assigned to Group II (ordinary physical therapy, n=7) and Group III (sensorimotor training, n=7). In addition, a normal group (Group I) consisting of seven subjects was chosen as the control group. The two CLBP groups received their own treatment five times per week, for four weeks, for 40 minutes each time. Changes in pain and functional performance evaluation were examined by the visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). In order to look at the change in APA, muscle onset time was examined using electromyography (EMG). [Results] Group III showed significant changes in both VAS and ODI. According to comparison of the results for muscle onset time, there were significant decreases in Group III’s transversus abdominis muscle (TrA) and external oblique muscle (EO) in the standing and sitting positions. There were significant differences between Group II and III in terms of the TrA in the sitting position. [Conclusion] Sensorimotor training makes patients capable of learning how to adjust muscles, thereby alleviating pain and improving muscle performance.

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© 2013 by the Society of Physical Therapy Science
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