2013 Volume 25 Issue 9 Pages 1173-1175
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional effects of additional action observational training for functional electrical stimulation treatment on weight bearing, stability and gait velocity of hemiplegic patients. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty subjects were randomized into two groups. Subjects more than six months post-stroke participated. Balance and gait velocity were measured at the baseline, and after six weeks of treatment. Both groups received functional electrical stimulation treatment. The experimental group additionally received action observational training. The paired t-test was used to analyze differences in the outcome measures between before and after the intervention. The difference between the groups was compared using the independent t-test. [Results] The experimental group showed significant increases in weight bearing (anterior·posterior, right·left) on the affected side, stability index and gait velocity. The control group showed only a significant increase in anterior·posterior weight bearing on the affected side. Moreover, according to the comparison of training effects between in the two groups, the variables of anterior·posterior weight bearing, stability index and gait velocity revealed a statistically significant difference. [Conclusion] Additional action observational training for functional electrical stimulation treatment should be considered as a therapeutic method in physical therapy for the improvement of weight bearing, stability index and gait velocity of hemiplegic patients.