2014 年 26 巻 2 号 p. 255-258
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to clarify the effect of dyspnea induced by breath-holding on maximum muscular strength of patients with COPD. [Subjects] This study recruited 14 COPD subjects via public posting. [Methods] Dyspnea was assessed by the modified Borg scale. The subject asked to stop breathing at end-expiration and to hold their breath with a nose clip for as long as possible. Both total breath-holding time and threshold time of dyspnea were measured with a chronograph. Dyspnea reserve time (DRT) was defined by subtracting the threshold time of perception dyspnea from total breath-holding time in order to calculate the 50% DRT. The muscular strengths of maximal handgrip contraction were measured at baseline, 50% threshold time of dyspnea (subliminal point of dyspnea), and the 50% DRT (supraliminal point of dyspnea). [Results] The maximal handgrip at the supraliminal point of dyspnea was significantly lower than the baseline and subliminal point of dyspnea values. There was no statistically significant difference in maximal muscular strength between baseline and the subliminal point of dyspnea value. [Conclusion] The present results demonstrate that dyspnea induced by breath-holding aggravates weakness in the maximum muscular strength of patients with COPD.