2015 Volume 27 Issue 7 Pages 2365-2371
[Purpose] To investigate the effects of combined aerobic and resistance training on glycolipid metabolism and inflammation levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. [Subjects and Methods] Forty-two diabetes patients were randomized to the conventional therapy group (n = 20) or intensive therapy group (n = 22). The control group contained 20 healthy people. The conventional therapy group received routine drug therapy and diet control, while the intensive therapy group additionally underwent combined aerobic and resistance training for 12 weeks. The oral glucose tolerance test and cardiopulmonary exercise testing were performed. Toll-like receptor 4 and NF-κBp65 protein and mRNA expressions were determined by qPCR and western blotting. ELISA was used to determine the expression levels of interleukin-18, interleukin-33, pentraxin-related protein 3, and human cartilage glycoprotein 39. [Results] After exercise training, the intensive therapy group had significantly lower postprandial blood glucose, postprandial insulin, and glycated hemoglobin level and insulin resistance index than the conventional therapy group. The intensive therapy group had significantly lower toll-like receptor 4 and NF-κBp65 protein and mRNA expressions, and serum interleukin-18 levels but significantly higher serum interleukin-33 levels. [Conclusion] Combined aerobic and resistance training can improve glycolipid metabolism and reduce low-grade inflammation in patients with diabetes mellitus patients.