2016 Volume 28 Issue 11 Pages 3007-3010
[Purpose] Maximum voluntary isometric contraction can increase the reliability of electromyography data by controlling respiration; however, many studies that use normalization of electromyography data fail to account for this. This study aims to check changes in maximum voluntary isometric contraction based on changes in posture and respiration conditions. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-two healthy volunteers were included in this study. Using 22 healthy subjects, MVIC of the biceps brachii muscle was measured in three respiration conditions: (1) Maximum voluntary isometric contraction during inspiration after maximal expiration, (2) Maximum voluntary isometric contraction during expiration after maximal inspiration and (3) Maximum voluntary isometric contraction during the Valsalva maneuver. The subjects were in tested in standing and supine postures under all three respiration conditions. [Results] A significant difference was observed in the standing and supine postures based on the respiration condition. A significant difference was observed in the maximum voluntary isometric contraction during inspiration after maximal expiration and maximum voluntary isometric contraction during the Valsalva maneuver conditions when the subjects were in the supine posture. [Conclusion] It is necessary to apply the same respiration condition and the same posture to each subject when measuring Maximum voluntary isometric contraction for the normalization of electromyography data.