Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Original Article
Nutritional status and management of risks due to physical therapy in patients hospitalized for long periods
Daisuke Kimura,Minako Murata,Yuko Kimura,Masahiro NunotaniYoshitaka Hayashi,Kazuo Abe,
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Volume 29 (2017) Issue 11 Pages 1910-1913

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Abstract

[Purpose] This study aimed to understand the nutritional status of patients hospitalized for long periods and the risk of physical therapy (PT) for such patients. [Subjects and Methods] Participants were selected from patients who were hospitalized at a designated medical long-term care sanatorium. The participants were divided into 5 groups (A–E) depending on their mode of energy intake and ambulatory ability during PT. The serum albumin level, energy intake, total daily energy expenditure, and total daily energy expenditure per session of PT (EEPT) were evaluated for each group. [Results] Protein-energy malnutrition was observed in 69.6% of the participants. No significant association was identified between the serum albumin level and body mass index. Energy intake was significantly higher in Groups D and E, whose energy intake was via ingestion, than in Groups A and B, whose intake was via tube feeding. EEPT was highest in patients of Group E who had gait independence different from the ability of those in groups A–D. [Conclusion] The actual energy intake is lower with tube feeding than with ingestion. Risk management and energy intake should be revisited in elderly patients who have been hospitalized for long periods and subsequently obtain gait independence.

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© 2017 by the Society of Physical Therapy Science. Published by IPEC Inc.
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