Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Original Article
Trunk lean gait decreases multi-segmental coordination in the vertical direction
Kazuki TokudaMasaya AnanTomonori SawadaKenji TanimotoTakuya TakedaYuta OgataMakoto TakahashiNobuhiro KitoKoichi Shinkoda
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Volume 29 (2017) Issue 11 Pages 1940-1946

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Abstract

[Purpose] The strategy of trunk lean gait to reduce external knee adduction moment (KAM) may affect multi-segmental synergy control of center of mass (COM) displacement. Uncontrolled manifold (UCM) analysis is an evaluation index to understand motor variability. The purpose of this study was to investigate how motor variability is affected by using UCM analysis on adjustment of the trunk lean angle. [Subjects and Methods] Fifteen healthy young adults walked at their preferred speed under two conditions: normal and trunk lean gait. UCM analysis was performed with respect to the COM displacement during the stance phase. The KAM data were analyzed at the points of the first KAM peak during the stance phase. [Results] The KAM during trunk lean gait was smaller than during normal gait. Despite a greater segmental configuration variance with respect to mediolateral COM displacement during trunk lean gait, the synergy index was not significantly different between the two conditions. The synergy index with respect to vertical COM displacement during trunk lean gait was smaller than that during normal gait. [Conclusion] These results suggest that trunk lean gait is effective in reducing KAM; however, it may decrease multi-segmental movement coordination of COM control in the vertical direction.

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© 2017 by the Society of Physical Therapy Science. Published by IPEC Inc.
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