2017 Volume 29 Issue 4 Pages 590-597
[Purpose] This study was performed to evaluate the long-term histopathological changes in knee-joint components including synovial membrane and joint capsule in a rat model of osteoarthritis (OA) induced by monosodium iodoacetate (MIA). [Subjects and Methods] Fifty male rats were used. OA was induced through intra-articular injection of MIA, and ten rats were randomly allocated to each of five groups induced with OA for 1, 2, 4, 6, or 8 weeks. At the end of each period, the knee components were examined histopathologically. [Results] After 1 and 2 weeks, chondrocytes were weakly stained. After 4 weeks, fibrillation, fissuring, and eburnation were observed, whereas after 6 weeks, chondrocyte clustering and osteophyte formation were detected. In the synovial membrane, the proliferation of spindle-shaped cells and a multilayered structure of the surface cells were observed at 1 and 2 weeks, but the degree of these changes decreased over time. In the joint capsule, a narrowing of the space between collagen fiber bundles was observed at 4–8 weeks. [Conclusion] The long-term histopathological changes of the joint components observed in a rat model of OA induced by MIA were similar to those detected in OA, but differed at specific times and tissues.