[Purpose] To clarify factors contributing to habituation of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) for urinary incontinence. [Subjects and Methods] We included 13 healthy females and examined diurnal and nocturnal urination frequency at initial program participation and at 3 months. The survey used the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF), a 10-level self-assessment of anxiety associated with urinary incontinence, and a 10-level self-evaluation of PFMT understanding and skill acquisition. We evaluated PFMT practice at home and postures that facilitated PFMT. The practice of PFMT at home was surveyed during a 3-month period. [Results] Compared to baseline, the level of skill acquisition assessed by the ICIQ-SF and PFMT according to the 10-level self-evaluation improved significantly at 3 months. The rate of PFMT sessions performed at home per week was high. The number of times PFMT was performed per day was positively correlated with level of understanding and acquisition of skills pertaining to PFMT, according to the 10-level self-assessment. [Conclusion] By incorporating behavior modification techniques appropriate for urinary incontinence and by increasing the level of understanding regarding incontinence and PFMT, as well as the level of skill acquisition, self-efficacy increased. This may have motivated habituation of PFMT.
2017 by the Society of Physical Therapy Science. Published by IPEC Inc.