2018 Volume 30 Issue 8 Pages 988-992
[Purpose] The gait characteristics, such as short step, decreased arm swing and stooped posture, in Parkinson disease (PD) are well established. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments have been attempted to improve the gait in patients with PD. Among the non-pharmacological approaches to improve gait, spinal orthosis can be applied for patients with spinal deformity. The purpose of our study was to investigate the effect of spinal kypho-orthosis to gait in PD by using a three-dimensional analysis. [Participants and Methods] Twenty-six patients with PD with gait disturbance with forward bend posture >15°. All participants were instructed to walk along a 6-m track and turn 180° and come back to the starting point under three-dimensional motion capture. The participants performed the test again with spinal kypho-orthosis. Gait parameters during examination is compared with and without spinal kypho-orthosis. The degree of forward flexion after kypho-orthosis in patients with PD was compared. [Results] Wearing the spinal kypho-orthosis significantly improved turning performance but did not affect locomotion. The severity of forward bend posture is mildly improved after the application of spinal kypho-orthosis. [Conclusion] Spinal kypho-orthosis has a short-term effect for gait performance, particularly during turning and erect posture. Spinal kypho-orthosis can be potentially used for management of turning deficits in PD.