2018 年 30 巻 8 号 p. 1073-1080
[Purpose] This study was conducted to examine the effects of task-specific movement patterns during resistance exercise program, which are applied to children with cerebral palsy, on respiratory functions and thickness of abdominal muscles. [Participants and Methods] This study was conducted with randomized double-blinded controlled research was pursued since it is a clinical trial with minors with disabilities as the participants. Seventeen children with cerebral palsy were randomly allocated to both experimental group and placebo group by means of simple randomized sampling. The experimental group wore weighted vest to which loaded-resistance was applied by means of sand bag while the placebo group wore weighted vest without loaded-resistance. Task-specific movement patterns during resistance exercise were performed for 40 minutes 2 times a week over a period of 12 weeks for the participants in both groups. Differences in respiratory functions and thickness of abdominal muscles measured prior to and after 12 weeks of the experiment were compared. [Results] All the measurement values for the respiratory functions and abdominal muscle thickness displayed statistically significant changes between those prior to and after the exercise in both of the experimental group and the placebo group. There were statistically significant differences in the changes prior to and following the exercise between the two groups. [Conclusion] Therefore, task-specific movement patterns in anatomical plane, diagonal patterns and combined forms during resistance exercise program on for children with cerebral palsy can be considered as an efficient intervention method in improving respiratory capacity.