2019 年 31 巻 12 号 p. 997-1001
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the cross-sectional area (CSA) and longitudinal sliding length (LSL) of the median nerve bilaterally in patients with ambulant chronic hemiplegia and to compare these measurements with those in healthy controls using ultrasound. [Participants and Methods] Forty patients with hemiplegia who developed a non-functional hand on the paretic side after one year or more of stroke and 25 asymptomatic controls were included. To obtain the CSA of the median nerve at the wrist in the neutral position and the LSL of the median nerve during wrist extension, the participants underwent bilateral ultrasound examination. [Results] The non-paretic side of stroke patients had the largest median nerve CSA, followed by the paretic side and then the controls; the median nerve CSA in the non-paretic side and the controls differed significantly. The CSA of the median nerve was significantly larger in the non-paretic sides of patients, evaluated at more than 5.5 years post-stroke relative to those evaluated at less than 5.5 years. The LSL of the paretic side was significantly shorter than the non-paretic side and the controls. [Conclusion] Compared to the controls, the CSA of the median nerve was enlarged in the non-paretic hand of ambulant chronic stroke patients and the LSL were identical. As such, entrapment neuropathy of the median nerve may follow long-term chronic stroke due to overuse. This study indicates the usefulness of ultrasound in the potential identification of such cases.