Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Online ISSN : 2187-5626
Print ISSN : 0915-5287
ISSN-L : 0915-5287
Case Study
Gait training using a hybrid assistive limb after botulinum toxin treatment for cerebral palsy: a case report
Mayumi Matsuda KurodaHirotaka MutsuzakiKenichi YoshikawaHaruka OhguroIwasaki Nobuaki
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ジャーナル オープンアクセス

2021 年 33 巻 6 号 p. 499-504

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[Purpose] Hybrid Assistive Limb® (HAL; Cyberdyne, Tsukuba, Japan) is a wearable robot that assists patients based on their voluntary movements. We report gait training with HAL after botulinum toxin treatment for spasticity of the lower limb in cerebral palsy (CP). [Participant and Methods] The participant was a 36 year-old male with spastic diplegia due to periventricular leukomalacia, with Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level II. HAL training was performed in 20-minute sessions (3 sessions/week for 4 weeks). The outcome measures were range of motion, spasticity, walking ability, muscle strength, gross motor function measure (GMFM), Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM), and Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory measured before, immediately after, and one, two, and three months after HAL training. [Results] No adverse events were observed during training. After the HAL intervention, gait speed, step length, cadence, 6-min walking distance (6MD), knee extension strength, GMFM, and COPM increased, and Physiological Cost Index declined. Three months post-intervention, gait speed, step length, cadence, 6MD, and GMFM remained higher than those observed within the first two months. [Conclusion] Gait training with HAL can be a safe and feasible method for patients with CP who undergo botulinum toxin treatment to improve walking ability and motor function.

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© 2021 by the Society of Physical Therapy Science. Published by IPEC Inc.

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons [Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International] license.
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
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