2023 年 35 巻 2 号 p. 106-113
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine whether strict adjustment of the pillow height using the Set-up for Spinal Sleep method improves clinical outcomes like neck pain and somatic symptoms. [Participants and Methods] A total of 84 participants with chief complaints of stiff shoulders and neck pain were evaluated using the numerical rating scale and the Somatic Symptom Scale-8. Questionnaires were used to collect data at the baseline, after two weeks, and after three months of adjusting the pillow height. [Results] Forty-two participants (50%) achieved the minimal clinically important difference for neck pain with a decrease of three points or higher in the numerical rating scale. The baseline neck pain scores were significantly higher in the group that achieved the minimal clinically important difference. The three-month change in neck pain and the Somatic Symptom Scale-8 was significantly greater in participants who were satisfied with treatment. There was a significant positive association between improvement in the numerical rating scale score and improvement in the Somatic Symptom Scale-8 at three months. [Conclusion] Strict adjustment of the pillow height using the Set-up for the Spinal Sleep method significantly improved both physical neck pain and somatic symptoms related to psychological and social problems.