2023 年 35 巻 3 号 p. 163-169
[Purpose] We investigated the effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) irradiation of the infrapatellar fat pad (IFP) combined with therapeutic exercise for management of knee osteoarthritis (knee OA). [Participants and Methods] The study included 26 patients with knee OA, who were randomized into the LIPUS group (patients underwent LIPUS + therapeutic exercise) and the therapeutic exercise group (patients underwent sham LIPUS + therapeutic exercise). We measured changes in the patellar tendon–tibial angle (PTTA) and in IFP thickness, IFP gliding, and IFP echo intensity after 10 treatment sessions to determine the effects of the aforementioned interventions. We additionally recorded changes in the visual analog scale, Timed Up and Go Test, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, and Kujala scores, as well as range of motion in each group at the same end-point. [Results] Compared with patients in the therapeutic exercise group, those in the LIPUS group showed significant post-treatment improvements in PTTA, VAS, and Kujala scores, as well as in range of motion. [Conclusion] The combined use of LIPUS irradiation of the IFP and therapeutic exercise is a safe and effective modality to reduce IFP swelling, relieve pain, and improve function in patients with knee OA.