J-STAGE Home  >  Publications - Top  > Bibliographic Information

Journal of Reproduction and Development
Vol. 49 (2003) No. 6 December P 507-512

Language:

http://doi.org/10.1262/jrd.49.507

Original Article

The purpose of this study was to examine: 1) whether caffeine in the fertilization medium under mineral oil is essential for bovine in vitro fertilization by fully capacitated spermatozoa, 2) the minimum concentration of caffeine that shows an adverse effect on the motility of preincubated spermatozoa. Cumulus-oocyte complexes with heterogeneous-appearing ooplasm were matured in in vitro culture for 24 h and used for insemination. The fertilization rates of the preincubated spermatozoa introduced into the fertilization medium containing 0 mM or 5 mM caffeine were examined. The fertilization rate of the spermatozoa introduced into the medium without caffeine (final concentration of caffeine at fertilization was 0.27-0.35 mM) was significantly higher than that in the medium with 5 mM caffeine (82.4% vs 55.2%, P<0.05). When the final concentration of caffeine at fertilization was reduced ten-fold (0.02-0.03 mM), the fertilization rate was not significantly improved (86.0%). The motility of the preincubated spermatozoa introduced into the fertilization medium containing 0-5 mM caffeine was examined. The sperm motility in the fertilization medium without caffeine was significantly higher than that in the fertilization medium with more than 2 mM caffeine. These results indicate that caffeine in the fertilization medium is not essential for bovine in vitro fertilization by fully capacitated spermatozoa, and that more than 2 mM caffeine has an adverse effect on preincubated (capacitated) sperm motility.

Copyright © 2003 Society for Reproduction and Development

Article Tools

Share this Article