2021 Volume 67 Issue 5 Pages 327-331
Mammalian ovaries contain a large number of immature follicles. Follicular culture can contribute to the production of fertile oocytes from latent immature follicles, providing a useful tool for exploring the developmental competencies and related factors that oocytes acquire during growth. However, the potential of oocytes produced by follicular culture is limited. Herein, the optimal follicular culture conditions for the addition of polyvinylpyrrolidone to the medium and oxygen concentration were investigated. Polyvinylpyrrolidone with a high molecular weight (≥ 360,000) and a 7% oxygen concentration were found to increase the blastocyst formation rate by more than 20% compared with conventional culture conditions. Although the developmental ability of oocytes produced by follicular culture remained inferior to that of in vivo-derived oocytes, these findings may pave the way for enhanced production of fertile oocytes in vitro and for studying the process of full developmental potency acquisition by oocytes.