2015 Volume 55 Issue 2-3 Pages 37-66
This paper is a case study on Yusu fishing village in Uwajima-city, in Ehime prefecture, and it have been attained the expansion of work opportunities with the sea culture business of red sea breams, and the small-scale management which based family labor power has been maintained in this fishing village.
As everyone knows, in Yusu fishing village, the joint management of sardine net fishing business declined in 1960, many work opportunities for fishermen were lost.
After that, the culture of pearl and yellow tail for fiahermen were introduced under powerful leadership of fishermen’s cooperative association taking advantage of such “the crisis of collapse of fishing village economy”, many fishermen have carried on these culture.
However, after the fall of yellowtail price in 1979, the introduction of red sea bream culture have spread out in Western Japan, because of the price level of red sea bream was 2,000 yen which was remarkable expensive in those days, and it had power of resistance to fish disease.
But, many fishing villages did not always change “the whole fishing village” like Mie Prefecture from yellowtails culture into red sea bream culture. Although the half of fishes culture management became the management which mainly culture on red sea bream in 1994, large number of managements which culfured another kind of fish except red sea bream have kept up. And even the present, quantitatively, many managements have cultured yellowtail.
The greatest feature in the aquaculture of Yusu fishing village is attaining the control of fishing ground and the stabilization of management based on fishing plan.
And it is important that the price negotiation by farmers on the farmed fish sale and purchase of feed are performed. Namely, the farmer’s independency is kept up in this village.
The following point is important as conditions in which the area management by the above fishermen’s cooperative associations is possible.
1st, it is that the egalitarianism which is the traditional community principle has been continuing. 2nd, it is that the purpose of culture management does not aim at company profits, and has become it with reservation of income.
3rd, it is that various functions which the fishermen’s cooperative association has support culture management.