2012 Volume 68 Issue 4 Pages 621-632
The ancient Yoshinogari burial mound (about B. C. 150) is the oldest large earth fill which is mainly constructed by Sochiku method. The construction technique of earth fill is classified as Taichiku, Sochiku and Hanchiku in the order from the lowest to the highest level. The Chinese burial mounds, namely Jiangnan burial mounds (B. C. 1, 070 - B. C. 221) and Shandong Peninsula burial mounds (B. C. 202 - A. D. 220), and Yoshinogari burial mound are compared on various actual conditions such as the application of three construction techniques to the mounds and the location of burial matters in the mounds. Considering also the roots and propagations of other cultures and techniques, it is concluded that the construction technique of Jiangnan burial mounds propagated to the Shandong Peninsula burial mounds, and that the technique of Jiangnan or Shandong Peninsula burial mounds propagated to Yoshinogari, in northern Kyushu, Japan, through the sea, not through the Korean Peninsula.