2015 年 50 巻 2 号 p. 125-132
Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) has been regarded as a model of plants that bear fleshy fruits, and of plants belonging to Solanaceae family. Various resources have been developed to elucidate the mechanisms underlying control of fruit quality as well as quantity, and also to elucidate how genomic diversity links to phenotypic diversity. The tomato reference genome sequence published in 2012 uncovered the evolutionary history of tomato genome which conferred functional diversity to tomato genes. Availability of various tomato variety has huge potential to elucidate the correlation between DNA sequence and phenotype in high resolution by comparative genome analysis. In this mini-review, I will first overview what we have learned from the tomato genome sequencing followed by a deluge of genome resequencing. In the second part, I will briefly refer to the post-genome perspectives in tomato research, with a specific focus on the use of tomato plant in the development of New Plant Breeding Techniques.