2016 年 51 巻 2 号 p. 130-137
New Plant Breeding Techniques （NPBT） are used for genome modification in various plant and animal species. Here I introduce the outline about 6 technologies which are genome editing, oligonucleotide directed mutagenesis （ODM）, cisgenesis/intragenesis, grafting, reduced generation time and recurrent breeding by transgenic male sterility in plant. And I also listed application of genome editing in animal. Regulatory policy of NPBT is already fixed in United State, Canada, Argentina and New Zealand. Several crops derived from NPBT were approved as out of regulation in United State. Moreover United State, Canada, Germany and other 5 European countries decided that Cibus herbicide canola developed by ODM was non-GMO. However, the European Commission is still discussing NBTs’ regulatory status and the decision of the ODM-canola may change the status in European countries.