Japanese Journal of Health and Human Ecology
Online ISSN : 1882-868X
Print ISSN : 0368-9395
ISSN-L : 0368-9395
On the Study of the Effect of Therapy of Neurosis
Giichiro SUZUKIToshio BITO
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1958 Volume 24 Issue 5 Pages 249-262,A19

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Abstract

Investigating the effect of therapy which was administered for 211 neurosis that visited at the Medical School of Gifu and the Toyooka Public Hospital, the following results are obtained.
1. All of the symptoms the patients showed, were insomnia, somatic and psychoneurotic complains. Insomnia and psychoneurotic complaints are more affected by therapy than somatic complaints and this result shows a significant difference by the X2-test.
2. The patients of the Medical School of Gifu were compared with those of the Toyooka Pub. Hosp., and the patients of the latter were more highly affected than the patients of the former by therapy, with a significant difference. The above-mentioned result is due to two facts. Firstly in the aforesaid two materials there is a different frequency between the numbers of the respective neurosis that we divided into seven groups, namely relatively many compulsive neurosis are included in the material of the Medical School of Gifu, on the other hand in the material of the Toyooka Pub. Hosp. reactive depressions are contained in large numbers respectively. Secondly in the material of the Medical School of Gifu the patients whose condition of illness is fixed and who visit psychiatrist from hand to hand are contained relatively in large numbers.
3. Existence of a motive has no influence on the effect of therapy of neurosis.
4. The neurosis with character-anomaly or mental defect are inclined to have no effect by therapy, and only in the neurosis with character-anomaly there is a significant difference.
5. In neurasthenia, conversions-hysteria, hypochondria and anxiety-neurosis the period from falling sick to visiting the psychiatrist has no influence on the effect of therapy, on the other hand in compulsive neurosis and reactive depression this period has an influence on the effect of therapy, and there is a significant difference between the patients with the short period and the patients with the long period. In sensitive reaction this period has an influence on the effect of therapy, but there is no significant difference.
6. As to the effect of therapy there is no difference between the patients with psychopathological traits, the patients without psychopathological traits which are limited to siblings, parents and children.

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