Japanese Journal of Health and Human Ecology
Online ISSN : 1882-868X
Print ISSN : 0368-9395
ISSN-L : 0368-9395
A Study on the Medical Examination for the Family Contacts of Newly Registered Tuberculosis Patients
Hiroji ESAKIDaisuke WATANABE
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1983 Volume 49 Issue 4 Pages 158-163

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Abstract

A study on the medical examination for the family contacts of newly registered tuberculosis patients was carried out . The tuberculosis patients were registered at Kurume Health Center, from January to December of 1975 . The results were as follows: 1. The percent of persons in a family receiving physical check-ups was 77 .8. A higher percent of females were examined, and the check-ups were lower in 70 years old than all persons. 2. The newly diagnosed tuberculosis patients were five (2.0%) males and thirteen (4.0%) females. There is a very high prevalance rate, and it is a very important point for tuberculosis control, considering that by medical examination it is rare to diagnose tuberculosis in residents or school children having no past family history of tuberculosis. Also, persons having a past family history of tuberculosis has a higher risk of contracting tuberculosis. It is important for tuberculosis control to examine this particular group. 3. The family of the tuberculosis patients belongs to a high risk group and so they must be given the following criteria in order to elevate their physical check-ups . 1) Plan an annual tuberculosis examination at a health center. 2) The physician, the X-ray technician, the medical laboratory technician, the nurse and clerk must cooperate with each other for tuberculosis control . 3) The health center should make a schedule for the person in order to receive his examination easily. 4) Comprehend exactly the tuberculosis contacts and reconfirm the physical checkups in the other hospital or clinics. 5) Persons should be given notice for a tuberculosis medical examination at least 3 times, if they have not received an examination within the 3 months.

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