1992 Volume 58 Issue 6 Pages 336-343
The mortality rates and causes of death among elderly people aged sixty five and over were compared between China and Japan. The data used for comparison was China's 1990 and Japan's 1990 vital statistics. It appears that the mortality rate in China was higher than Japan. Comparing the causes of death, it was found that the death rates involving cerebrovascular diseases, malignant neoplasms and heart diseases in urban districts of China was higher than those in Japan. Also the death rate of people with bronchitis in rural districts was significantly higher in China than Japan. Comparing the death rates resulting from malignant neoplasms by each organ, the death rates of lung cancer and esophageal cancer were higher in China than Japan. With regard to heart diseases, the urban district death rate of ischemic heart disease was higher in China than Japan. The differences in the medical systems and life styles in China and Japan were suspected as the reasons for the differences of death rates and causes of death in China and Japan. Further study will be needed to clarify the reasons.